Observational analysis of the alterations of the social structure and housing markets of areas in inner-city London led Glass (1964) to coin the term ‘gentrification’, described as a phenomenon in which the social character of a district is transformed through the displacement of its working class inhabitants. Further research on gentrification has identified it to include factors such as the physical regeneration of housing stock and industrial areas.
Above is an example of the output of a function I have been developing in R to support quantitative research in urban planning. This function provides a tool to analyse weighted combinations of different variables and how they may have changed over time – suitable for identifying scenarios such as gentrification which have no clear single identifier.
The map aims to show concentrations of areas that have experienced a significantly high change in class, in dwelling stock and property value (dark blue) over the ten year period between 2001 and 2011. A number of clear areas have been identified in the inner-east and outer-east of the city.
Further information about this function and analysis of results to come.